Assignment 2: Gene Technology centered on the notion that there could be various different unforeseen consequences of consuming GMO foods. Monsanto is one of the large producers of GMO seeds. Monsanto offers famers a wide range of GMO corn, soybean, cotton, wheat, canola, sorghum, and sugar cane seeds. These seeds have been genetically altered to produce. These seeds have been genetically altered to produce a pesticide, yields more per seed, and withstand harsher weather conditions. Some of these plants are now, what is called, roundup ready (Monsanto). Roundup ready plants can be sprayed with roundup and not be affected by it. Due to the use of Roundup ready plants famers do not have to be as careful when spraying these plants and more often than not they spray more roundup on the when needed. Roundup Ready Soybean (RRS) is “an intelligent solution in favor of the environment”, claims Monsanto, the agricultural chemical company that makes genetically engineered RRS (Greenpeace). Without knowing, Americans consume GM foods daily. Most people are unaware of the modifications in their food because the United States, unlike Australia, does not require a GM food label to identify whether or not the food is modified or not (Berry, 2012). According to Berry (2012), “Determining whether a food contains GM content requires DNA testing. As this is expensive, there is currently no policing of GM food labeling laws for foods that are imported into the country. Many of the foods we buy at the supermarket contain imported MG ingredients. They can be found in chocolate, cheese, chips, bread and salad dressing to name but a few.” Many of the main modified crops are produced to repel bugs, resist antibiotics, or to add nutrients and other elements missing in particular foods. These seem to be as many advantages as there are disadvantages according to scientists, researcher and famers (“Bionet”, n.d.).
GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROP PLANTS 2Genetically Modified Crop PlantsThe GM TechnologyGenetic modification refers to the application of modern biotechnology techniques to vary the genes in an organism, such as an animal or plant, for example, to produce a desirable attribute. Different countries have rules that govern the use of GMOs, or to what extent of its application. In Australia, for instance, nobody is allowed to interact with a genetically modified organism unless they have permission from the Australian Gene Technology Regulator (Regis & Baptiste, 2016). The body decides whether genetically modified products are safe for human consumption as well as for the environment (Regis & Baptiste, 2016). Factors such as unpredictable rainfall patterns and the Global Warming have necessitated the use of GMOs and its widespread use in different parts of the world. In the wake of global food insecurity, GM technology offers a new way of producing food, usually after a relatively shorter time to the world’s populations.Through the GMO technology, it is convenient to use specific plant breeders to grow better yielding varieties of crops. Again, the crops are resistant to diseases and harsh climatic conditions. Genetic crop engineers employ an array of methods comprising mutagenesis, conventional breeding, marker-aided selection, and genetic modification to breed improved and better yielding crop varieties (Regis & Baptiste, 2016). The genetic modification enables plant breeders to generate crop varieties that cannot be bred through the traditional breeding.