The Spanish American War of 1898 Essay
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The Spanish American War of 1898
One hundred years ago, in 1898, the United States was fighting the Spanish-American War. The victory over Spain made the United States a colonial power. The Spanish colonies of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines, as well as the formerly independent nation of Hawaii, became American possessions. The excuse for entering the war was the rebellion by the Cubans against Spanish rule and the explosion of an American battleship U.S.S. Maine. The Spanish colonies in mainland North and South America became independent in the early 1800s, but Cuba and Puerto Rico remained Spanish. Many Americans in the U.S. sympathized with Cuba, which began in 1895, and also, maybe more importantly, U.S. citizens…show more content…
Before dawn on May 1, 1898, Commodore George Dewey's flagship Olympia led seven U.S. Navy cruisers and gunboats into Manila Bay. By 8 AM that morning Dewey's squadron had located and destroyed virtually the entire Spanish naval forces in the Philippines. Damage to the American ships was very little, and their crews suffered no fatalities and few injuries. The Battle of Manila Bay was a singular demonstration of the daring and decisive application of sea power. In a few hours, Dewey had eliminated any threat that the Spanish Navy might pose to U.S. Far Eastern commerce and placed Spain's centuries-long rule of the Philippines in great jeopardy. A few days later, with the capture of Cavite arsenal, he also gained a repair and refueling base, essential for maintaining his squadron under wartime conditions thousands of miles from home. On May 15, Theodore Roosevelt began training the famous Rough Riders for battles in Cuba, which brought him the fame that made him vice president in 1901 and then president on September 13 . In Washington, President McKinley received the news of the great battle. However, the battle of Manila did not end the war. 100 miles off the US coast is where Spanish held Cuba, by a substantial army, and hostile to American interests there. No naval force could impose on Cuba, and in order to force the Spanish out, a full scale invasion would have to be mounted. In 1897, Theodore
The Causes And Effects Of The Spanish American War
The Spanish-American war was fought in the year 1898, 33 years after the end of the Civil War in 1865. The threat of Spain upon Cuba blazed the patriotic hearts of the Americans as what appeared to be Spain torturing its territories. There are many causes that can be credited to the condition of these territories and surprisingly, but not too ironically, it can be clearly traced to that of the American people.
The Cubans had been oppressed and under rule by the Spanish for hundreds of years, and had not had their freedom for generations. In the year of 1895, the Cubans were terribly misgoverned, and demanded independence. However, their cry for freedom was also attributed to the Wilson Gorman Act. This act restricted sugar imports to America and greatly endangered the lives of Cuban citizens, whose economy revolved around sugar. This devastating act forced the Cuban people to suffer extreme poverty, or to die as patriots for the chance of freedom.
The idea that the American people felt empathetic to the Cubans to me was crafted by the government and the press to be a cover-up by having the people on their side. I feel that this idea is very ignorant and prideful, considering the acts of Americans in almost their whole existence of being a country. The act of slavery was a very secure sense of confinement with next to no chance of escape or free agency. Also, the persecution of the Native Americans from their homes and families were despicable crimes against humanity.
The effects of Yellow Journalism on the country were phenomenal. Led by William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer, their vivid pictures painted in black and white exaggerated the tales of foreign intervention. Stories of women being raped, with streets full of blood caused the Americans to support the Cuban cause for patriotism. The most influential stories pertaining to the war were those of General “Butcher” Weyler, who placed citizens into barb-wired reconstruction camps, to cut off supplies to the Insurrectos.
The insurrectos were responsible for the uprising in Cuba. They figured that if they inflicted enough damage upon foreign investments, then Spain would either leave while granting them independence. Or the possibility that the American eagle would swoop down and deliver them from captivity, and release them with the victory of their patriotic cause.
The paintings by Frederic Remington also played a major role in the advancement of yellow journalism. Despite the fact that action was minimal, William Hearst allegedly gave Remington his famous phrase, “You furnish the pictures, I’ll furnish the war.
Business and military Interests apply directly to the cause of America’s intervention into Cuba’s and Spain’s affairs. Geographically, Cuba is located ninety miles south of the coast of Florida, and offers a sort of trading port from that could connect the United States much more easily than its current circumstances. The realization for...
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