There are numerous essays on poverty concentrated on covering the material about economic development in different countries. Here you can find the same information but simpler for your understanding.
Before starting the topic let’s begin our essay on poverty by defining the word “poverty”. If you look through different essays about poverty you can find almost identical definitions. It is the state of being economically poor followed the lack of shelter, health care and common literacy. According to Wikipedia poverty is the general scarcity, dearth, or the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money.
Speaking about poorness we must distinguish between the concepts of relative and absolute poverty. Relative poverty is the life conditions of population occupying a lower level of income and wealth than average. Absolute poverty is the life conditions that are typical of people who do not have the goods and possessions such as food, clothing, housing which are necessary for human existence.
So, what are the causes of poverty? One of them is illiteracy. Low educational level can be observed in such countries as Mali, Niger, Ethiopia. The main problem of it is the absence of elementary and even secondary schools there. Certain amount of poor people appears as a result of lack of education.
The next and one of the main causes of poverty can be weak economy that occurs because of crisis and insufficient amount of resources. Countries of Latin America, Asia and Africa have such problems.
The lack of technological progress is also the reason for poverty. Mexico, countries of Africa and Latin America face the problem of deficient innovations in technology.
Another significant cause of poverty is the growth of the population in the world. Taking India as the example, we can see that its population is critically growing. This country cannot produce enough food to feed even half of its citizens.
We can also mention here civil wars also causing poverty. Victims of these wars are citizens who suffer from plunder and violence. The most unprotected civilians are children, women and old people. The result of civil wars is appearing of poor people and hunger.
Poverty is characteristic for nearly whole world. And we can name it as the main problem of the Third world countries which include Africa, Asia, Latin America. They are united by the same problems and considered to be economically the weakest. There are several facts that can help us to define the level of development of the Third world countries. High growth of population aids to a low level of income. Although increasing number of citizens is not a negative factor of economic development but new jobs are not offered and this leads to unemployment. Third world countries depend on agricultural industry and have low level of technological progress. That is why people use natural resources irrationally so it can run out completely. Most of developing countries are characterized by the low life level comparing as to developed countries so to a rich population of their own one. There is such term as international level of poverty which refers to any person living on less than two dollar per day. Level of extreme poverty concerns anyone surviving with less than one dollar per day. Overwhelming majority of the population of the Third world countries lives by these standards. Citizens look for higher quality of life and better opportunities. That is why emigration to developed countries is widespread there. Immigrants of the poorest countries of Africa, Asia, Latin America arrived to wealthier countries are satisfied with minimum income which is higher dozens and even hundreds of times than the minimum of his native country.
Poverty in developed countries should be mentioned here too. Let’s take America as the example. Although it is a developed country with high technological innovations, over 47 million Americans have status of the poor. The number of homeless children increase every year. More than half of students are unable to buy lunch at the canteen. One-third of families live with incomes below 60 percent of the average income in the country. Despite these facts about Americans who suffer poverty have governmental support. Citizens with the lowest level of income receive different types of social care. They get free food and clothes. More than 90 percent of officially poor people have their own housing. Almost all of them have a car; surely not the new one but good enough to use it. American government gives a chance to escape the poverty. It helps every person who needs education and employment.
Although such differences between poverty in developing and developed countries exists it has to be eluded. The question of solving the problem of poverty bothers every single country in the world. There is no opportunity to get rid of poorness at once. But we can mention some ways and solutions to minimize the number of poor people. The first step of making the progress in countries’ economy is to improve international relationships with developed countries. Next way deals with the education system. Countries, which confront the problem of insufficient number of schools, should produce conditions that can help children to get education. Evolving innovational technologies can help to avoid poverty and hunger. At the same time governmental support and assistance is really important in poverty reduction. That is why poor people should be provided by socio-economical arrangements, directed towards increase of their involvement in labor activity of the country. But still the main problem that must be solved is increasing number of population that compelled to live on less than one dollar per day.
Concluding it all poverty, hunger and illiteracy are the main international problems that must be solved. I should also mention that improving economical development, innovational technologies and population income are the most meaningful goals of nowadays. Although poverty as a global problem cannot be completely eliminated it is possible to decrease its level. Developing countries just need social programs and the international support and help of great developed brothers.
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Poverty is defined as the general scarcity of any material possession or money. It is a multidimensional concept and encompasses the social, political, and economic status of an individual. The concept of poverty is dynamic and it may differ in each society. For example, in India, a person is considered as poor if he earns below 47 INR in an urban city, whereas not having a mobile phone is a sign of poverty in U.K. Poverty in the society arises from the difference in the income and opportunity. Just and equitable policies can be helpful in uplifting the standards of the poor in the society.
Measures to fight Poverty
Almost half the world that is over three billion people lives on a marginal income of less than $2.50 per day. The marginal income makes survival impossible; it is insufficient to cover for the basic necessity of food, clothing, and shelter. One of the measures that can be adapted to encounter poverty is food security. Inadequate food forces people to desperate measures, if the government can design policies to provide food in minimum prices to the poor, it can give them an opportunity to use their income to provide for the other basic necessity.
Another measure to fight poverty is by generating more employment. The people beyond the poverty line are uneducated and make up for the unskilled labor population of the country. Both public and private investments can be helpful in generating more employment for the population of the unskilled labor. Another policy that can be adopted is to provide a minimal training to teach some skills to the labor and make them employable.
Poverty makes people suffer psychologically. The difference in the opportunities and income that they witness around themselves makes a psychological impact on the poor. The government should focus on their health and wellbeing. Providing for the health and medical facility at the minimal cost to the poor section of the society helps in fighting poverty.
Fighting poverty is difficult as the poor cause poverty. They do not adapt to the opportunity that comes to them and often prefer not to work. They rather follow the antisocial ways of raising money than being employed. The thought process of the poor makes it difficult for the policies to help them out of their situation.