A forest is basically a piece of land that encompasses large number of trees and various varieties of plants. These beautiful creations of nature serve as home for different species of animals.
A vast expanse covered with dense trees, shrubs, mosses and wide variety of plants is referred to as a forest. There are different types of forests around the world that are home for different varieties of flora and fauna. Here are essays on forest of varying lengths to help you with the topic whenever you required. You can chose any forest essay according to your need:
Essay on Forest
Forest Essay – 1 (200 words)
A forest is known as an intricate ecosystem that is densely covered with trees, shrubs, grasses and mosses. The trees and other plants that form a part of the forests create an environment that is healthy for the breeding several species of animals. These are thus a habitat for a large variety of wild animals and birds.
Different types of forests grow in different parts of the world. These are mainly divided into three categories – Rain Forests, Coniferous Forests and Deciduous Forests. Forests form an important part of the ecological system mainly because they aids majorly in biodiversity. A large number of birds and animals survive only because of the presence of forests.
However, unfortunately forests are being cut at a rapid speed to serve various purposes. The increase in the demand of various commodities derived from the trees that grow in different forests and the need to accommodate the growing population are among the major reasons for deforestation. It is important to realise that forests are essential for the survival of the mankind. Forests help in purifying the atmosphere, aid in climate control, act as natural watershed and are a source of livelihood for many people.
Forests must thus be preserved. Deforestation is a global issue and effective measures must be taken to control this issue.
Forest Essay – 2 (300 words)
Forest is generally referred to a vast area covered with different types of plants and trees. These are mostly a habitat for various wild animals and different species of birds. Forests are formed of different layers that have their own importance and functions.
Importance of Forests
Forests form an important part of the ecological system. The need to preserve forests and grow more trees is often stressed upon. Some of the top reasons to do so are as follows:
- Purification of Atmosphere
It is common knowledge that plants exhale oxygen and inhale carbon dioxide. They also absorb other greenhouse gases that are harmful for the atmosphere. Trees and forests thus help in purifying the air we breathe as well as the atmosphere as a whole.
- Climate Control
Trees and soils regulate the atmospheric temperatures through the process of evapotranspiration. This aids in stabilizing the climate. Forests keep the temperature cool. They also have the power to build their own microclimates. For instance, the Amazon creates atmospheric conditions that promote regular rainfall in the surrounding areas.
- Habitat for Animals and Birds
Forests serve as a home for numerous species of wild animals and birds. These are thus a great means to maintain biodiversity which is extremely essential for maintaining a healthy environment.
- Natural Watershed
The trees form a shade over the rivers and lakes running from the forest and keep them from drying.
- Source of Wood
Wood is used to build different pieces of furniture including tables, chairs and beds among other things. Forests serve as a source of different types of woods.
- Means of Livelihood
Millions of people around the world rely on the forests for their livelihood directly or indirectly. Around 10 million are directly employed for the conservation and management of forests.
Forests are thus important for the survival of the mankind. From the fresh air we breathe to the wood we require to build the bed we sleep on – Everything is derived from forests.
Forest Essay – 3 (400 words)
Forest is a huge expanse covered with trees. There are different types of forests across the world. These have been categorized based on their types of soil, trees and other species of flora and fauna. A large part of earth is covered with forests.
The Origin of the Term – Forest
The term forest comes from the Old French word fores meaning vast land mainly dominated by trees and plants. It was introduced in English as a term that referred to wild land that people explored for hunting. It may or may not be occupied by trees. If this was the case, some people claimed that the term forest was derived from the Medieval Latin word foresta that meant open wood. This term in Medieval Latin was specifically used to address the king’s royal hunting grounds.
Different Layers in a Forest
A forest is composed of different layers that play their part in holding the place together. These layers have been termed as the Forest Floor, Understory, Canopy and Emergent layer. Among these, the Emergent layer exists only in the tropical rain forests. Here is a closer look at each of these layers:
- Forest Floor
This layer comprises of decomposing leaves, dead plants, twigs and trees and animal droppings. The decaying of these things forms new soil and also provides the required nutrients to the plants.
This layer is composed of shrubs, bushes and trees that are used to grow and live in canopy’s shade. It is known to be devoid of enough sunlight.
This is formed when a large number of branches, twigs and leaves of huge trees intertwine. These fully grown trees receive the maximum amount of sunlight and form a protective layer for the rest of the plants and trees in the forest. This is known to be the thickest layer. It restricts much of the rain from reaching the plants and trees it covers. Monkeys, frogs, sloths, snakes, lizards and different species of birds are known to live here.
- Emergent Layer
This layer, that forms a part of the tropical rain forest, is composed of scattered tree branches and leaves that layer up above the canopy. The tallest of trees reach this place and form a part of this layer.
Forests are an essential part of the environment. However, unfortunately the human beings are cutting trees blindly to serve different purposes thereby disturbing the ecological balance. The need to save trees and forests must be taken more seriously.
Forest Essay – 4 (500 words)
A forest is a vast land that encompasses a large number of trees, vines, shrubs and other varieties of plants. Forests also consist of mosses, fungi and algae. These are home for a wide variety of birds, reptiles, microorganisms, insects and animals. Forests maintain biodiversity on earth and are thus important for maintaining a healthy environment on the planet.
Types of Forests
Forests around the world have been classified into different categories. Here is a look at the various types of forests that form a part of the earth’s ecological system:
- Tropical Rainforests
These are extremely dense forests and majorly or entirely consist of evergreen trees that remain green all round the year. You can see lush greenery around however since these are covered with canopy and an emergent layer over the same, these are devoid of enough sunlight and are thus mostly dark and damp. They receive plenty of rainfall all round the year but still the temperature here is high as these are located near the equator. Numerous species of animals, birds and fishes breed here.
- Sub-Tropical Forests
These forests are situated at the north and south of tropical forests. These forests mostly experience drought like situation. The trees and plants here are adapted to sustain the summer drought.
- Deciduous Forests
These forests are mainly home for trees that lose their leaves each year. Deciduous forests mostly penetrate in regions that experience mild winters and warm yet moist summers. These can be found in different parts of the world including Europe, North America, New Zealand, Asia and Australia. Walnut, oak, maple, hickory and chestnut trees are mostly found here.
- Temperate Forests
Temperate forests see the growth of deciduous and coniferous evergreen trees. Located in North Eastern Asia, Eastern North America and Western and Eastern Europe, these forests receive enough rainfall.
- Montane Forests
These are known as the cloud forests. This is because these forests receive most of their downpour from the fog or mist that comes from the lowlands. These are mostly located in the tropical, sub tropical and temperate zones. These forests experience cold weather as well as intense sunlight. Conifers occupy large part of these forests.
- Plantation Forests
These are basically large farms that grow cash crops such as coffee, tea, sugarcane, oil palms, cotton and oil seeds. Plantation forests produce about 40% of the industrial wood. These are particularly known for producing sustainable timber and fibre.
- Mediterranean Forests
These forests are situated around the coasts of the Mediterranean, Chile, California and Western Australia. These have a mix of softwood and hardwood trees and almost all the trees here are evergreen.
- Coniferous Forests
These forests are found near the poles, mainly the northern hemisphere, and experience a cold and windy climate all through the year. They experience the growth of hardwood and conifer trees. The growth of pines, firs, hemlocks and spruces is a common sight here. The conifer trees are evergreen and well adapted to the drought like condition here.
Forests are a beautiful creation of nature. Different parts of our planet encompass different types of forests that are home for various plants and animals and a means of livelihood for numerous people.
Forest Essay – 5 (600 words)
A vast land covered with trees, plants and shrubs and mostly home for different species of wild animals is referred to as a forest. Forests are an essential part of the Earth’s ecological system. They help in maintaining the planet’s climate, purifies the atmosphere, protects the watersheds, are a natural habitat for the animals and a major source of wood that is used for the production of several products used in our day to day life.
India – Among the Countries with Largest Forest Cover
India is among the top ten forest-rich countries in the world with the others being Australia, Brazil, China, Canada, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Russian Federation, United States of America, Indonesia and Sudan. These countries along with India constitute around 67% of the total forest area in the world.
Arunachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra are among the states that have the largest forest cover in India.
Top Forests in India
India is known to encompass several lush green forests. Many of these have even been turned into tourists spots. People from far and wide visit these to experience the wilderness and enjoy the serenity they offer. Here is a look at some of the top forests in the country:
- Sundarbans, West Bengal
The Sundarban forests located in West Bengal top the list when it comes to the most alluring forests in the country. These are home to the white tiger which is a variant of the royal Bengal tiger.
- Gir Forest, Gujarat
Spread across an area of more than 1,412 sq km in Gujarat’s Junagadh district, the Gir forest is home for the Asiatic Lion.
- Jim Corbett, Uttarakhand
Established in the year 1936, this place is a delight for the wildlife lovers. This is one such forest in the country that is known to attract the maximum number of tourists from around the world.
- Ranthambore, Rajasthan
Ranthambore located near the town of Sawai Madhopur in the Indian state of Rajasthan is home to leopards, tigers and marsh crocodiles. It is also known for the Padam Talao Lake that grows abundance of water lilies.
- Khasi Forests, Meghalaya
This place in northeast India is known for its lush greenery. The Khasi forests receive high amount of rainfall and remains green all round the year.
Forestry in India
Forestry in India is a major rural industry. It is a means of livelihood for a large number of people. India is known to produce a vast range of processed forest products. These do not just include those made from wood but also substantial amount of non-wood products. Its non-wood products include essential oils, medicinal herbs, resins, flavours, fragrances and aroma chemicals, gums, latex, handicrafts, incense sticks and thatching materials.
The Problem of Deforestation
Deforestation is the process of clearing trees from a large part of the forest for purposes such as farming and construction of buildings. Trees are never re-planted on such a land.
Statistics reveal that around half of the forests around the world have been destroyed ever since the evolution of the industrial age. The number is likely to increase in the times to come as industrialists are continually using the forest lands for personal gain. Large number of trees is also cut for producing various goods made from wood and other components of the trees.
Deforestation has a negative impact on the environment. Some of the problems it causes are soil erosion, disruption of the water cycle, climate change and loss of biodiversity.
Forests are a boon for the mankind. India especially has been blessed with some of the most beautiful forests that are home for many rarer species of birds and animals. The importance of forests must be recognized and the government must take measures to control the issue of deforestation.
In honor of this seasonal focus on trees and forests, here's a list of 21 reasons why they're important:
1. They help us breathe.
Forests pump out oxygen we need to live and absorb the carbon dioxide we exhale (or emit). A single mature, leafy tree is estimated to produce a day's supply of oxygen for anywhere from two to 10 people. Phytoplankton are more prolific, providing half of Earth's oxygen, but forests are still a key source of quality air.
2. They're more than just trees.
Nearly half of all known species live in forests, including 80 percent of biodiversity on land. That variety is especially rich in tropical rain forests, from rare parrots to endangered apes, but forests teem with life around the planet: Bugs and worms work nutrients into soil, bees and birds spread pollen and seeds, and keystone species like wolves and big cats keep hungry herbivores in check.
3. People live there, too.
Some 300 million people live in forests worldwide, including an estimated 60 million indigenous people whose survival depends almost entirely on native woods. Many millions more live along or near forest fringes, but even just a scattering of urban trees can raise property values and lower crime.
The canopy towers over a coastal-plain forest in Italy's Nazionale del Circeo. (Photo: Nicola/Flickr)
4. They keep us cool.
By growing a canopy to hog sunlight, trees also create vital oases of shade on the ground. Urban trees help buildings stay cool, reducing the need for electric fans or air conditioners, while large forests can tackle daunting tasks like curbing a city's "heat island" effect or regulating regional temperatures.
5. They keep Earth cool.
Trees also have another way to beat the heat: absorb CO2 that fuels global warming. Plants always need some CO2 for photosynthesis, but Earth's air is now so thick with extra emissions that forests fight global warming just by breathing. CO2 is stored in wood, leaves and soil, often for centuries.
6. They make it rain.
Large forests can influence regional weather patterns and even create their own microclimates. The Amazon, for example, generates atmospheric conditions that not only promote regular rainfall there and in nearby farmland, but potentially as far away as the Great Plains of North America.
7. They fight flooding.
Tree roots are key allies in heavy rain, especially for low-lying areas like river plains. They help the ground absorb more of a flash flood, reducing soil loss and property damage by slowing the flow.
Erawan Falls flows through a rain forest in the Tenasserim Hills of western Thailand. (Photo: Shutterstock)
8. They pay it forward.
On top of flood control, soaking up surface runoff also protects ecosystems downstream. Modern stormwater increasingly carries toxic chemicals, from gasoline and lawn fertilizer to pesticides and pig manure, that accumulate through watersheds and eventually create low-oxygen "dead zones."
9. They refill aquifers.
Forests are like giant sponges, catching runoff rather than letting it roll across the surface, but they can't absorb all of it. Water that gets past their roots trickles down into aquifers, replenishing groundwater supplies that are important for drinking, sanitation and irrigation around the world.
10. They block wind.
Farming near a forest has lots of benefits, like bats and songbirds that eat insects or owls and foxes that eat rats. But groups of trees can also serve as a windbreak, providing a buffer for wind-sensitive crops. And beyond protecting those plants, less wind also makes it easier for bees to pollinate them.
11. They keep dirt in its place.
A forest's root network stabilizes huge amounts of soil, bracing the entire ecosystem's foundation against erosion by wind or water. Not only does deforestation disrupt all that, but the ensuing soil erosion can trigger new, life-threatening problems like landslides and dust storms.
An arboreal blanket covers Pine Creek Gorge in northern Pennsylvania's Tioga State Forest. (Photo: Nicholas A. Tonelli/Flickr)
12. They clean up dirty soil.
In addition to holding soil in place, forests may also use phytoremediation to clean out certain pollutants. Trees can either sequester the toxins away or degrade them to be less dangerous. This is a helpful skill, letting trees absorb sewage overflows, roadside spills or contaminated runoff.
13. They clean up dirty air.
We herald houseplants for purifying the air, but don't forget forests. They can clean up air pollution on a much larger scale, and not just the aforementioned CO2. Trees catch and soak in a wide range of airborne pollutants, including carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide.
14. They muffle noise pollution.
Sound fades in forests, making trees a popular natural noise barrier. The muffling effect is largely due to rustling leaves — plus other woodland white noise, like bird songs — and just a few well-placed trees can cut background sound by 5 to 10 decibels, or about 50 percent as heard by human ears.
15. They feed us.
Not only do trees provide fruits, nuts, seeds and sap, but they also enable a cornucopia near the forest floor, from edible mushrooms, berries and beetles to larger game like deer, turkeys, rabbits and fish.
A red-eyed vireo, common in North America's eastern forests, finds a berry in Ontario. (Photo: Matt MacGillivray/Flickr)
16. They give us medicine.
Forests provide a wealth of natural medicines and increasingly inspire synthetic spin-offs. The asthma drug theophylline comes from cacao trees, for example, while a compound in eastern red cedar needles has been found to fight MRSA, a type of staph infection that resists many antibiotic drugs. About 70 percent of all known plants with cancer-fighting properties occur only in rain forests.
17. They help us make things.
Where would humans be without timber and resin? We've long used these renewable resources to make everything from paper and furniture to homes and clothing, but we also have a history of getting carried away, leading to overuse and deforestation. Thanks to the growth of tree farming and sustainable forestry, though, it's becoming easier to find responsibly sourced tree products.
18. They create jobs.
More than 1.6 billion people rely on forests to some extent for their livelihoods, according to the U.N., and 10 million are directly employed in forest management or conservation. Forests contribute about 1 percent of the global gross domestic product through timber production and non-timber products, the latter of which alone support up to 80 percent of the population in many developing countries.
19. They create majesty.
Natural beauty may be the most obvious and yet least tangible benefit a forest offers. The abstract blend of shade, greenery, activity and tranquility can yield concrete advantages for people, however, like convincing us to appreciate and preserve old-growth forests for future generations.
Romania's Danube Delta, home to 15,000 people, is the best-preserved river delta in Europe. (Photo: Getty Images)
20. They help us explore and relax.
Our innate attraction to forests, part of a phenomenon known as "biophilia," is still in the relatively early stages of scientific explanation. We know biophilia draws humans to water, woods and other natural scenery, though, and exposure to forests has been shown to boost creativity, suppress ADHD, speed up recovery, and encourage meditation and mindfulness. It may even help us live longer.
21. They're pillars of their communities.
Like the famous rug in "The Big Lebowski," forests really tie everything together — and we often don't appreciate them until they're gone. Beyond all their specific ecological perks (which can't even fit in a list this long), they've reigned for eons as Earth's most successful setting for life on land. Our species probably couldn't live without them, but it's up to us to make sure we never have to try. The more we enjoy and understand forests, the less likely we are to miss them for the trees.
If you still don't have forest fever, check out the animated video below, produced by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization to raise awareness about International Day of Forests: