Essay On Conservation On Wildlife

Wildlife Conservation Essay

Wildlife Conservation Introduction Favoured with a unique geographical location and varied landforms, India is home to about one third of known life forms in the world. There are over 500 species of mammals and 2060 species of birds that are truly Indian.

Rapid growth of human and livestock population since the turn of the century and the consequent pressure on land due to development have taken an increasingly heavy toll on the country wilderness. One of the major threats facing wildlife is the destruction of its habitat through human development activities: agriculture, urban settlements, roads, dams and mines, have all contributed to the loss of habitat. Another problem is the fragmentation of the ecosystem into parcels too small for wildlife to use. In recent years illegal trade in ivory, horns, hides, feathers and organs has brought many species to the verge of extinction. This century alone India has seen the extinction of many species, among them the hunting leopard (cheetah) and the white winged wood duck.

The numerous threats facing our wildlife have created awareness for the urgent need for conservation. It has become clear by now that wildlife is an important biological, economic and recreational resource that has to be maintained through careful management. Conservation in this context is understood as a philosophy and policy of managing the human use of environment so that it may meet the needs and aspirations of present and future generations. One of the basic principles of wildlife conservation involves providing adequate natural food and shelter to maintain population of each species in a given habitat. For this purpose the government has created and developed national parks and sanctuaries where threatened species can be preserved. Other conservation measures involve research and studies of wild animals and their habitat, their biological requirements, census operations, improvement of habitat, and effective measures to control poaching.

The root-needs for conservation can be found under various keywords like, aesthetics, economics, inter-dependence, and ethics. Everyone understands the loss of scenery when forests or hills have to make place for roads or irrigation schemes. Similarly, we may be aware of the economic implications of overuse of natural resources. By taking a broader view of the inter-relationship between natural phenomena, we must realise the wide-ranging implications of local actions, as nature has no boundaries. For example, the release of pollutants in a river may affect fish that may be the main source of food for migratory birds coming from faraway places. Finally, at an ethical level, it is essential that man realises that he is only a very tiny part of that huge an incomprehensible puzzle called Nature. Nature existed for millions of years before Man came to be ? Nature does not need Man, but Man needs Nature. This simple statement should be clear in our mind when we deal with use of...

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This is a short essay on wildlife conservation for students – probably more senior students. If you like it, or parts of it, feel free to copy or use it in any way you wish under a creative commons license.


The purpose of wildlife conservation is to protect wild flora and fauna against the encroachment of expanding human activity. The planet’s human population grew by 1.6 billion people between 1990 and 2010 (30% growth rate). The ever increasing amount of commercial activity that this brings with associated use and abuse of the earth’s resources damages the prospects of survival of wild flora and fauna.

Let’s pray for a change in humankind’s relationship with wildlife. Photos: cut tree: by Mara ~earth light~ free potential. Praying hands: by Alejandro Hernandez. This image is free to use under a creative commons license but please credit the original authors and me: Michael @ PoC.

Wildlife on continents such as Africa is particularly vulnerable to pressure from commercial activity because Africa’s population is expanding faster than any other continent and it is rich is natural resources which are being exploited by foreign powers involved in mass manufacturing. Access to minerals etc. results in mining activity which destroys the habitat of many species including the cheetah. Forests are logged to make way for palm oil plantations, which removes the habitat of the elusive African golden cat.

Perhaps the most famous of all wild creatures is the tiger. The fight over the conservation of the tiger is the classic battle between wildlife conservationists and big business. The truth is that the battle is being lost by the conservationists. The tiger population has been in consistent decline over 100 years. The Bengal tiger lives in India. The human population of India has grown by 40% over the period 1990-2010. Although the tiger lives on reserves and buffer zones around reserves they are not places untouched by commercial exploitation. The tiger is running out of space in which to live.

It is not simply that the human is relentlessly occupying the landscape that once belonged to wildlife. People like to use wildlife to turn a profit. The illegal international trade in live wild species is worth billions yearly. CITES, which is an international treaty to prevent trade in wildlife, is failing. Agreements depend on goodwill. Many governments are corrupt to varying degrees and some members of these governments personally benefit from this trade. This opens the door to illegal trade in wildlife, dead or alive.

Regarding flora, the greatest battle between conservationists and business is being played out in the virgin, ancient forests in places such as, Brazil, Borneo and Indonesia. These beautiful places have great commercial value. Many ancient trees are logged for such mundane products as photocopying paper. In destroying these forests many wildlife species are also gradually destroyed as the forest is their home and the home of their prey. The Borneo bay cat is being eradicated from the planet as it is only found in Bornean forests. The promotion of the concept of sustainably resourced timber is abused because it takes thousands of years to grow the sort of forests that are being cut down.

Despite fantastic work by conservationists, wildlife conservation is gradually losing the battle to save many species of plant and animal from extinction in the wild. This is because business, the main reason for population declines in wildlife, has greater financial resources than conservationists. Business is also more motivated and is constantly growing due to human population growth.

For conservation to become more successful it requires a greater involvement by the average person who is usually distanced from the issues and wildlife itself.

Governments are torn between the need to promote economic expansion and the quality of life of the people it represents. Governments choose growth. The universal model of economic growth has been the preferred way forward for generations of governments at the expense of nature.

People are on their own when it comes to wildlife conservation. At present, concerned people are unable to put a balance back into our relationship with wildlife, and nature in general.

A modern classic of the failure of people to find a sustainable balance between commerce and the earth’s resources is the depletion of cod in the North Sea to fewer than 100 mature, individual fish. Let us think about that for a while. Where there were once millions there are now almost none.



This entry was posted in Cat Facts, Cat Facts For Kids and tagged bengal tiger conservation, conservation, essay, Short Essay on Wildlife Conservation for Students, tiger conservation by Michael Broad. Bookmark the permalink.

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